Release Date: Apr 2012. A Japanese Type 97 tank machine gun, used during the Second World War. Add to wishlist. By 1930, there was a strong belief that the tankette was the perfect means to motorize entire army groups with half the cost of normal tanks. Missing illustrations will be added when he returns. A Japanese army commission was mandated to purchase several British and French models, in order to c… Under the working name of Medium Tank Project Plan 2, The Type 97 Chi-Ni (試製中戦車 チニ Shisei-chū-sensha chini) was submitted by Osaka Army Arsenal. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. We already have it in our sights! Osprey Publishing, New Vanguard #137: Japanese Tanks 1939-45. The driver’s position was encased in a semi-hexagonal box; in front of this was the flat bow, leading to a negatively angled lower glacis. Only one Chi-Ni prototype was ever built and its fate is unknown. The commander of the vehicle was positioned in the turret, which was offset to the left of the tank. turret is look like type 97 chi-ha tank isn’t ? This cheap asset was appreciated by many countries, which quickly built or bought swarms of these machines. Illustration of the Type 97 Chi-Ni by Andrei ‘Octo10’ Kirushkin, funded by our Patreon Campaign. At the time of its conception, the Chi-Ni was considered the superior tank as it was so much lighter and cheaper to build. To solve this problem, the Army Technical Bureau proposed a new light tank at 40 km/h speed and started development in 1933. Let me put that into perspective – The Soviet 20kl could get through 32mm at 1000m, and that gun was much higher velocity. Since i’m a nativ dane, i’d be happy to help you. It was the most widely produced Japanese medium tank of World War II. However the main use of this tank gun was for infantry support and wasn’t meant to fight other tanksexcept for emergency situations, in which case it would use these HEAT shells. $9.83 USD $9.83 USD. As such, two medium tank projects were put forward, with specific guidelines set. Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. While the designers may have gone much too far in that direction, thus making it excessively unwieldy in the field, at least they tried to err on the side of reliability and mechanical integrity. I’d have to really suggest to everyone that one shouldn’t use World of Tanks as a base for the handling of guns. A Type 97 tank machine gun, shown with telescopic sight, magazine and jacket guard. Your email address will not be published. It would go on to become one of Japan’s most highly produced tanks. These shells would reliably pen an m5 Stuart at least I guess. 26, with a different stock and pistol grip. Furthermore, the low silhouette of the weapon made the Type 97 an effective ambush weapon. In the Chi-Ni’s case, this was negative 15 degrees over the front and left side. Depression over the right and engine deck would have have been slightly limited by at least 5 degrees. For a time it was tested with the Ha-Go’s suspension, but it was soon apparent that it did not support the longer chassis well enough. Details. The 57 mm main gun, designed for infantry support, was a … Description . The Type 97 heavy tank machine gun (九七式車載重機関銃, Kyū-nana-shiki shasai jū-kikanjū) was the standard machine gun used in tanks and armored vehicles of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, a heavy machine gun by infantry forces, This weapon was not related to the Type 97 aircraft machine gun Because of this, the tank was mainly of a welded construction, an unusual design choice for Japanese tanks of the era, which were mostly riveted onto a skeletal framework. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1p0Ll9TITGDiF9_fdS-tv1797JBs0_-pB70ReE_kIRkE/edit#gid=1554041303 The 120 mm equipped Chi-Ha, officially the Short Barrel 120 mm Gun Tank (ショートバレル120 mmガンタンク, Shōtobareru 120 mm gantanku), was an infantry/fire support tank built on the chassis of the Type 97 Shinhoto Chi-Ha, the most produced medium tank of the Japanese Empire. These were: a maximum weight 10 tonne, 20mm maximum armour thickness, 3 man crew, maximum speed 27 km/h (17 mph), trench crossing capability of 2200 mm upgraded to 2400mm with a ditching tail and armament consisting of a 57 mm gun and one machine gun. http://www.frihedsmuseetsforlag.dk/boeger/books-in-english/the-danish-armoured-car-v3.aspx, https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1p0Ll9TITGDiF9_fdS-tv1797JBs0_-pB70ReE_kIRkE/edit#gid=1554041303. This was the same gun as found on the initial models of the Chi-Ha. These two crew members would have been relatively well protected from enemy fire. Chi-Ni on www.weaponsofwwii.com The Type 97 Chi-Ha (九七式中戦車 チハ Kyūnana-shiki chū-sensha Chi-ha) was a medium tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Battles of Khalkhin Gol against the Soviet Union, and the Second World War. The Type 97 57 mm tank gun was a Japanese gun originally used on the Type 97 Chi-Ha tanks during the Second World War. The gun itself had been tested since 1938, and was at first rejected because of poor performance. Original file ‎(1,600 × 511 pixels, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg). A Japanese Type 97 tank machine gun, used during the Second World War. From early 1930s, the Japanese army began experimenting on a mechanized warfare unit combining infantry with tanks. Also known as structural skin, monocoque is a French word meaning “single hull” and is a structural system where loads are supported through an object’s outer layers. The standard 47 mm main gun was replaced with a short barrel naval 12 cm (120 mm) "anti-submarine" gun with a muzzle brake added. Required fields are marked *. This is a book or magazine about tanks/AFVs and/or military modeling. {{Information |Description=A Japanese Type 97 tank machine gun, used during the Second World War. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. All the best! The gun could be fitted with a protective shield pushing the total weight up to 68 kg. With this, the somewhat more powerful and expensive Type 97 Chi-Ha was accepted for development and service as the Imperial Japanese Army’s new medium tank. The Japanese Type 97 medium tank, named for the Imperial year 2597 (coinciding with 1937), was developed by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries as a replacement for the Type 89 medium tank then in service. The turret was so small that he also had to act as loader and gunner to the 57mm gun. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/, work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! Keep in mind that the Type 97 57mm was an infantry support gun, not so much an AT gun. The Type 97 anti-tank rifle was developed in response to a commission from the Japanese Army Engineering Division in 1935. However, whilst the Chi-Ni and Chi-Ha trials were in progress, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident occurred on July 7th 1937, marking the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Type 97 Chi-Ha Kai (Sometimes called “Shinhoto Chi-Ha”) was simply a rearmed model, using the new Type 1 47 mm (1.85 in) army gun. -a TE Moderator. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. How bad was the gun’s penetration? Late response, but the type 97 57mm gun had a pen of around 35mm at short range, however a later modification increased its muscle velocity and it pen to 48mm at 100m or so, a HEAT shell was also produced later in fo AT defense, which gave it a pen of 55mm. It was the most widely produced Japanese medium tank of World War II. This was the same gun as found on the initial models of the Chi-Ha. Cursory glances online suggest 25mm at 1000m. History. The depression suited the tank’s infantry support role because it was able to fire High Explosive shells at close range on advancing enemy infantry, or down into occupied trenches. The Chi-Ni was a 3 man vehicle, compared to the 4 of the Chi-Ha. Chambered for the powerful 20x124mm cartridge, the Type 97 is a magazine fed, gas-operated weapon that fires from an open bolt. Its primary ammunition was HE (High-Explosive) shells and HEAT (High-Explosive Anti-Tank) rounds. WZ-141 Super Light Model Anti-Tank Fighting Vehicle, 17 ft 3 in x 7 ft 4 in x 7 ft 8 in (5.26 m x 2.33 m x 2.35 m). This design was considered to be the best Japanese tank to have seen "combat service" during the Pacific War. The Type 97 57 mm tank gun was a Japanese gun originally used on the Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tanks during the Second World War. Type 97 Te-Ke gun version, Malaya, January 1942. Sometimes, even for seasoned collectors, tinkering is the only way to learn about a gun. Its primary ammunition was HE (High-Explosive) shells and HEAT (High-Explosive Anti-Tank) rounds. How come some of the more recent articles do not have illustrations of the tank made by one of the moderators like the old ones? This gun was also mounted on the Type 95 Ha-Golight tank. It was made in by members of the Danish Resistance movement, based out of Frederiksværk – a small town in Northern Zealand. This was a removable feature. Peacetime budgetary limitations evaporated with the outbreak of these hostilities with China. Type 97 Tank Gun. This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights. In WoT, it’s sufficient for its tier, but WoT is about as accurate as a KV-2 shooting at a moving Luch (i.e. The prototype of the new tank was finished in 1934 at the Army's Sagami Arsenal. The prototype was completed early 1937, taking part in trials against the Chi-Ha soon after. In the Chi-Ni’s case, this was negative 15 degrees over the front and left side. This long-barrel (2.5 m), high muzzle velocity (730 m/s) gun was developed when the Type 94 model proved insufficient to defeat the armor of most Russian tanks of the 1939-40 generation. The 120mm naval gun was installed on a turntable mounted to the chassis of a Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank. China's tank development can be divided into three generations. This method is also used on some early aircraft and in boat building. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The Type 97 Chi-Ha tank was the most widely produced Japanese medium tank of the war, although the armor protection was average for a 1930s tank. As you say, World of Tanks is notorious for inaccuracies ranging from the slightly absurd to criminal neglect. by Kunimoto Sensyajyuku . 113 articles & counting... How bad is the penetration on the 57mm gun? The gun barrel could easily overheat, which meant the gunner had to fire in bursts, or the barrel would be shot out. These cookies do not store any personal information. It was a low cost alternative to its competition, the Type 97 Chi-Ha, made by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. More like a small artillery piece than a traditional self-loading rifle, the whole receiver and barrel assembly of the Type 97 actually slides front-to-back during firing. In 1938, the Japanese military began looking for a replacement for the ageing Type 95 Ha-Go light tank. On the downside the recoil from the large round was very violent. The main armament consisted of the Type 97 57mm. If you need translation for it, just say the word. Qty. The gun kept the Japanese tradition of excellent depression. The first generation was the Type 59, a locally manufactured copy of the Soviet T-54 and its derivative tanks.The second generation of MBTs started with the Type 80 and ended with the Type 88/Type 96. Add to cart. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed): (1,600 × 511 pixels, file size: 260 KB, MIME type: Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. |Source=TM-E 30-480 |Date=October 1944 |Author=US War Department |Permission={{PD-USgov}} |other_versions= }}. It was made on the chassis of a Ford FAA. Great, good to know. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. – TE Moderator, Hey. The rear of the hull also featured the somewhat archaic feature of a ditching or “tadpole tail” to help it cross trenches. Member since 2016. Hello Danish! Your email address will not be published. The Type 97 automatic cannon (九七式自動砲 Kyū-nana Shiki Jidō-hō) was a Japanese anti-tank rifle produced by Kokura Arsenal. The hull was designed with a streamlined silhouette to protect from shell damage, and was of a monocoque design. Directly below and slightly in front of the commander sat the driver. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It was also tested with the 120 hp Mitsubishi A6120VDe air-cooled diesel engine from a Type 95 Ha-Go. Multiple articles are missing them (including this one). The TK on Wikipedia The Type 97 TK On Armytankmuseum.au A 3-view drawing Type 97 Te-Ke, the machine-gun version, unknown infantry unit, Burma, 1942. Japanese Tank Development The tank shared a similar bell crank suspension to the Ha-Go – this being a near constant of Japanese tank designs of the epoch. 2, Andrzej Tomczyk Cheers. The Type 97 Chi-Ha (九七式中戦車 チハ, Kyūnana-shiki chū-sensha Chi-ha) was a medium tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Battles of Khalkhin Gol against the Soviet Union, and the Second World War. It featured a number of cost-cutting features. The Type 97 Automatic Cannon, in Japanese 九七式自動砲 Kyuunana-shiki jidouhō, was a Japanese automatic anti-tank rifle.It had an automatic action which gave it a high rate of fire. The difference was that in the case of the Chi-Ni, at the end of each bogie were 2 small road wheels, making 8 per side. Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank with the Type 97 57 mm tank gun The Type 97 Chi-Ha tank was the most widely produced Japanese medium tank of the war, although the armor protection was average for a 1930s tank. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The gun kept the Japanese tradition of excellent depression. To protect the users, a small gun shield was provided and placed in front of the barrel. The cannon was a short barrelled weapon with a relatively low muzzle velocity which was sufficient for supporting the infantry. Very interesting to find out about these lesser known vehicles. Profile Publications Ltd. AFV/Weapons #49: Japanese Medium Tanks, Lt.Gen Tomio Hara. Type 97 Shinhoto Chi-Ha Short Barrel 120 mm Gun Tank Late in World War II, this Type 97 Shinhoto Chi-Ha variant was produced for the Imperial Japanese Navy. It had a straight, vertical, 20-round box magazine and used the same 7.7 mm cartridges used in the Type 99 rifle. This Japanese Type 97 was taken from a shot down Japanese Zero during a WW2 Pacific air battle. However, the Type 89 Medium tank could not keep pace with the motorized infantry, which could move at 40 km/h by truck. The Type 97 was mechanically similar to the Czech ZB vz. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Closer to the Ha-Go if anything. The depression suited the tank’s infantry support role b… It was of mostly welded construction, Its drive wheels, idler wheels and tracks were the same as those used on the Type 95 Ha-Go. 26, with a different stock and pistol grip. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The forward-mounted drive wheels were powered by a Mitsubishi 135 hp diesel engine that would propel the vehicle to a blistering 27 km/h (17 mph). Bunrin-Do Co. Ltd, The Koku-Fan, October 1968. High ranking members of the military had a preference for more lightly armored infantry support vehicles. Due to the shortage of 37 mm (1.46 in) guns, many were delivered in this undergunned configuration. The poor commander must have had his work cut out for him by having to fill three roles! The Chi-Ni was envisioned as a smaller, lighter alternative to the Chi-Ha, and was easier and cheaper to produce. Depression over the right and engine deck would have have been slightly limited by at least 5 degrees. The new version was designated Type 97-Kai or Shinhoto Chi-Ha. Also, may I ask where some of the illustrations are? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Hello, our illustrator is taking a well deserved rest from illustrations. It is likely that it was broken down and recycled with its parts put back into circulation. This curious prototype of a self-propelled gun was discovered in the territory of the Yokosuka naval base after Imperial Japan surrendered in WWII. The Type 97 57 mm tank gun was originally the main armament of the Imperial Japanese Army Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank during the Second World War. Furthermore, like the Chi-Ha, the Chi-Ni’s turret ring was made as large as possible, to allow for any future turret upgrades. AJ Press, Japanese Armor Vol. The best-seller, at the time, was the British Vickers designed Carden-Loyd Mk.VI. Though the armor was only 20mm thick, it was extremely well-angled. Might I suggest an article, in the form of the Danish armoured car V3. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. To answer your other question, our illustrator is having a break after years of non-stop illustrating. – TE Moderator. With no room in the turret for a coaxial machine gun, the third crew member sat on the driver’s right who would operate the ball mounted 7.7 × 5.8mm Arisaka Type 97 machine gun. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Type_97_tank_machine_gun.jpg. Code: KNS010. But, after some improvements, it was adopted by the IJA general staff as the new main a… The Type 97 Shinhoto Chi-Ha was a Japanese medium tank used in World War II that was an upgrade to the original Type 97 Chi-Ha. The Type 97 was mechanically similar to the Czech ZB vz. I’ve included a source http://www.frihedsmuseetsforlag.dk/boeger/books-in-english/the-danish-armoured-car-v3.aspx. It was a high-speed and lightly-armored tank similar to the Britis… The total length of the Type 97 was around 210 centimetres while the total weight was fifty kilograms, unloaded. The Type 97 was a solidly-built gun that was over-engineered in anticipation of its intended role, hence the weight. The main armament consisted of the Type 97 57mm. Specializes in weird. It had a straight, vertical, 20-round box magazine and used the same 7.7 mm cartridges used in the Type 99 rifle. 59 Patton). The shortage of 37 mm ( 1.46 in ) guns, many were delivered in undergunned! Mind that the Type 89 medium tank projects were put forward, with a streamlined silhouette to protect the,! Time, was the same gun as found on the Type 89 tank. The infantry at 40 km/h speed and started development in 1933 the right and engine deck have. 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Browsing experience but you can opt-out if you need translation for it, just say the.! Turret is look like Type 97 an effective ambush weapon the commander sat the driver explanation what... An at gun the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it or. I ask where some of the new tank was finished in 1934 at the Army 's Sagami Arsenal made. To build were delivered in this browser for the ageing Type 95 Ha-Go light tank at 40 km/h and. Which meant the gunner had to act as loader and gunner to the 4 the. Be fitted with a different stock and pistol grip on some early aircraft and boat! Was of a Ford FAA the weight: 260 KB, MIME Type: image/jpeg.... Over the right and engine deck would have been relatively well protected from enemy fire this problem the... |Author=Us War Department |Permission= { { PD-USgov } } |other_versions= } } |other_versions= }! Security features of the Chi-Ha with tanks this website and slightly in front of the was! Anti-Tank rifle produced by Kokura Arsenal a new light tank at 40 km/h by truck 15... The option to opt-out of these hostilities with china 137: Japanese 1939-45. 57 mm tank gun was discovered in the Type 97 Chi-Ha medium could... Tank similar to the Ha-Go – this being a near constant of Japanese tank development AJ Press, armor... Magazine issues for 25 % off to a commission from the digital camera or used... Soon after... How bad is the penetration on the downside the recoil the. Found on the 57mm gun aircraft and in boat building this curious prototype of the Chi-Ha after. Was fifty kilograms, unloaded to solve this problem, the Japanese tradition of excellent depression basic... This being a near constant of Japanese tank designs of the Yokosuka naval base Imperial. File size: 260 KB, MIME Type: image/jpeg ) anticipation of its intended role, hence the....