Structural Functionalism: Structural functionalism refers to an important theory in the social sciences. In particular, the meaning of objects, events, and behaviors comes from the interpretation people give them, and interpretations vary from one group to another. Date: 13/6/13 Strengths and weaknesses I have a number of key strengths that are contributive to working as a competent manager. Sociologists believe that gender itself is entirely a social construct that emerges out of the interactions we have with each other through a process of socialization. Understanding Your Strengths And Weaknesses. Symbolic Interactionism. I will attempt to utilize this theory to explain the social problem of recidivism and then explore the ways in which it can be used to alleviate this social problem. For this reason, many interationist theories also use critical theories as a means to examine these larger infrastructural questions. Finally, Blumer points out that meaning-making and understanding are ongoing interpretive processes, during which the initial meaning might remain the same, evolve slightly, or change radically. In it, Blumer outlined three tenets of this theory: In other words, our social interactions are based on how we interpret the world around us, rather than on an objective reality (sociologists call our interpretations of the world “subjective meanings”). For example, symbolic interaction theory …show more content… The term gender refers to our cultural programming that identify as either feminine or masculine, which are … In it, Blumer outlined three tenets of this theory: We act toward people … I will attempt to utilize this theory to explain the social problem of recidivism and then explore the ways in which it can be used to alleviate this social problem. With every theory, there are strengths and weaknesses. Introduction to Sociology (SOCI16039G) Uploaded by. A strength of Gerbner and Gross’s Cultivation Theory is that it’s immensely useful in the study of the impacts that ideologies representation through television have on public opinion. Your English is perfect.". The man then seems to infer meaning from her race—that she is an immigrant—which leads him to ask the question, "Where are you from?". Christopher T Conner. Sociologists point out that gender is a social construct: that is, one’s gender does not need to correspond to one’s biological sex—but there are strong social pressures to act in particular ways based on one’s sex. The theory was compiled from the teachings of George Herbert Mead in the early 20th century. ... strengths and weaknesses. Functionalism Vs. In this example, a white man encounters a woman that he and we as the viewer understand to be racially Asian. It is possible that his interpretation of Asian people might shift overall because social interaction is a learning experience that has the power to alter how we understand others and the world around us. The Strengths and Weaknesses of Symbolic Interactionism Symbolic interactionism plays a major part in the way that the society interacts with one another. The idea of symbolic interactionism focuses on a dramaturgy perspective of social interaction. Search for more papers by this author. This means that we can create meaning to a specific thing/words/person or events by interacting with others. It also helps us to understand some non-obvious qualities of society as the benefits of war and poverty Weaknesses: 1. Conflict Theory 1349 Words | 6 Pages. Symbolic interactionism occupies a unique and important position in family studies. Considering this, we can see that the way the man interprets the race of the woman is a product of social interaction. Evaluation. Symbolic interactionism is considered a microsociology that is widely developed by many well-known sociologists. Symbolic interactionism is a framework in sociological theory that relies on the symbolic meaning people develop and build upon in the process of social interaction. Sheridan College. Strengths and Weaknesses. Critical theory's connection with socialism and statism is its greatest weakness. Thomas, Lemert, Becker and others. Modern-day sociologists often apply one of the major theoretical perspectives. George Herbert Mead and Charles Cooley were the two social theorists that originated from the idea of symbolic interaction. Based on their sex, the process of gendering a baby begins almost immediately (and may even happen before birth, as the trend of elaborate “gender reveal” parties demonstrates). 1.2 RESEACH QUESTIONS 1. Key premises of symbolic interactionism regarded as central to the study are outlined and an analytical overview of the grounded theory method is provided. Strengths. and understanding of one’s own strengths and weaknesses, amongst the population.People need to think about the person they are and where their strengths and weaknesses lie because if they don’t stop to consider what they’re good at and what they need to improve, they will find themselves in the 87% of the population who don’t enjoy what they do. This awkward conversation, in which a white man questions an Asian woman, is commonly experienced by Asian Americans and many other Americans of color who are presumed by white people (though not exclusively) to be immigrants from foreign lands. Strengths and Weaknesses Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts (Day, Month, Year) My Strengthsand Weaknesses Strengths My greatest strength I pride myself about is an excellent time management skills, efficiency and organization. The theatrical metaphor becomes even more attractive for social theory when we ... 288 SYMBOLIC INTERACTION Vol. Gender roles define the appropriate social and behavioral norms adopted by men and women in a social setting. A symbolic interactionist might say that this labeling has a direct correlation to those who are in power and those who are labeled. Within this paper a multitude of key points will be made, including a discussion of the importance of social theory and empirical research within sociology and the relevance of theory and research in…, three major theories/perspectives that sociology is based on and how it relates to society. These factors include the almost entirely white social circles and segregated neighborhoods that white people inhabit; the erasure of Asian American history from the mainstream teaching of American history; the underrepresentation and misrepresentation of Asian Americans in television and film; and the socio-economic circumstances that lead first-generation Asian American immigrants to work in shops and restaurants where they might be the only Asian Americans that the average white person interacts with. Symbolic interaction theory has many strengths, as well as some weaknesses. It can be difficult to quantify things in Symbolic Interactionism (i.e. But this assumes that all antisocial elements in … -Symbolic interactionism ignores Gender roles reinforce the notion that housework is women’s work and mechanical/technical jobs are men’s work. How Race and Gender Biases Impact Students in Higher Ed, Scientific and Social Definitions of Race, What Sociology Can Teach Us About Thanksgiving, a short viral satirical video that critiques this phenomenon, Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, M.A., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara. This paper will attempt to outline the importance of social theory and empirical research in the understanding of society and social behaviour, through the presentation of a range of examples. The strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro level structural theory which uses an organic analogy- using the body as a way to describe the different parts within society. They have also been criticized for their theories being unsystematic. Symbolic interaction theory is one of the most important contributions to the sociological perspective. To identify the theory’s basic hypothesis, assumptions, and major areas of application of the theory in the social science. 9 years ago. Strengths and Weaknesses Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts (Day, Month, Year) My Strengthsand Weaknesses Strengths My greatest strength I pride myself about is an excellent time management skills, efficiency and organization. Lecture Notes. By looking at the small scale, symbolic interactionism explains the individual in a society and their interactions with others. Symbolic Interactionism as Implicated in Rehabilitation Symbolic Interactionism, derived from the work of George Herbert Mead, is a sociological perspective that is important to social psychology. Although seen as a weakness by many critics of the theory, the economical approach to relationships can help get to the bottom line very quickly. These three theories would help became the basis for sociology and how we study it. 5/No. Many symbolic theorist studies the function of symbols through the behavior of social interaction and the individual self. Volume 5, Issue 2. Favorite Answer. Those meanings are the product of social interaction between people. Structural functionalism is the theory that as a society…. Assess the strengths and weaknesses on the functionalist approach to society (33 marks) A strength of the functionalist approach to society is the explanation of how social order is achieved.Parsons argues that social order is achieved through the existence of a shared culture, a set or norms and values that are shaped by the members of a society. This material may appeal more to students if it is similar to their beliefs and way of life, therefore increasing their ability to retain the content. Finally, as we have seen all week, each theory has several weaknesses that you should be aware of. According to symbolic interaction theory, people are capable of change: when we make a mistaken assumption, our interactions with others can help to correct our misconceptions. 2017/2018 Communication—the exchange of meaning through language and symbols—is believed to be the way in which people make sense of their social worlds. Interactionist theories have served to generate a great deal of subsequent research into the effects of labelling. However, it operates as a framework of many theories. The theory is fairly simple, allowing for most people to understand its general assumptions and relate to them. Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method - Blumer - Cited by 10206. symbolic interactionism . Many famous theorists have contributed to the three different perspectives. The concept of Self in Symbolic Interactionism will also be used to frame the identity creation of the geriatric residents. First was the reductionist behaviorism that had worried Mead. Thomas contributed to the symbolic interaction theory by developing the term called “definition of the situation.” The “definition of the situation” also called the Thomas theorem, states that if men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences (Stebbins 1997). Major Beliefs: Society = interactions. Abstract. 1 Answer. It does not handle social change all that well 3. strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society. in 1937 and wrote several essays that were instrumental in its development (Morrione, 2007). For example, it is a useful tool for understanding how race and gender shape social interactions. Symbolic interaction theory states that gender is produced through interaction and, Economic Effects Of The Taiping Rebellion, Langston Hughes 'Short Story Thank You Ma Am', Cry Of The Children By Elizabeth Barrett Brown Analysis, Effects Of Cultural Conservativeness In Pakistan Essay, The Freedom Of Beatrice And Hero By William Shakespeare, Strengths And Weaknesses Of Symbolic Interaction Theory. Social Problems: The Limits and Strengths of the Social Constructionist Perspective. Weaknesses. Gender is something we do or perform, not something we are (Openstax, 2016). Symbolic Interaction. Symbolic interaction theory has many strengths, as well as some weaknesses. Symbolic interactionism sees education as one way that labeling theory is seen in action. Strengths And Weaknesses Of Symbolic Interactionism. 2. Strengths. Such theories is pointing out how things are held together and reasoned logics for such coherence 2. Course. However, as babies grow into toddlers and then older, we may find through interacting with them that what we have come to expect on the basis of gender does not manifest in their behavior. Between Reductionism and Sociologism. According to symbolic interactionism, social reality is not fixed and unchanging. Psychologically and sociology, society tends to label us by the things that we own and in which we can offer back to society members. - Symbolic interactionism excludes outside influences of social structures. Symbolic Interactionism Assumptions and Implications. THEORY “Symbolic Interactionism is the way we learn to interpret and give meaning to the world through our interactions with others.”- Scott Plunkett. Basic understanding of symbolic interactionism Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The theory was compiled from the teachings of George Herbert Mead in the early 20th century. In this case, interactionist theory has two such weaknesses: because interactionist theory tends to be so focused on the individual, it misses out on larger structural questions, on power dynamics and on social inequalities. "Where are you from? The assumption that an Asian American is an immigrant is the product of these social forces and interactions. A view accepted as having some utility by many sociologists since the 1960s; not a major or exclusive theory. Mead, Durkheim, W.I. The framework of symbolic interactionism has its strengths and weaknesses … In the video, and in countless conversations like this that occur in everyday life, through interaction the man is made to realize that his initial interpretation was wrong. In fact, the symbolic interaction perspective suggests that all people we interact with on a daily basis play a role in either reaffirming the meaning of gender that we already hold or in challenging and reshaping it. However, there are many issues with this theory. Although seen as a weakness by many critics of the theory, the economical approach to relationships can help get to the bottom line very quickly. Symbolic Interaction. Although this theory has been widely recognized by sociologists, one weakness of the social interactionism theory is that some symbols may be interpreted wrong. Through this process we learn things such as how we are supposed to behave, dress, and speak, and even which spaces we are allowed to enter. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Week 12-Strengths and Weaknesses of the Sociological Perspectives Sociological Perspectives: Their weeaknesses and their strengths. Chante Rene Dillon. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Thursday, May 5, 2016. For example, a teenager who is told he or she is deviant might begin to act deviant. are the same Let’s explore how scholars applying these paradigms understand religion. According to symbolic interactionists, our social interactions are shaped by the assumptions we make about others. Whereas Mead sought to dif-ferentiate the nascent symbolic interactionism from behaviorism, Blumer saw symbolic interactionism as being embattled on two fronts. Underestimates the power of structure. This theory suggests that students within the same cultural settings will view many ideas in similar ways. 211 982 to make, and must turn aside their attempts to expose these features. Blumer coined the term . They don't take into consideration every individual. To attempt a critique of the approach, bringing out the strengths and weaknesses. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. For example, symbolic interaction theory …show more content… The term gender refers to our cultural programming that identify as either feminine or masculine, which are categories created by society rather than by nature. This chapter focuses on the theory Symbolic Interactionism which is introduced by Herbert Blumer. Functionalism vs. Dr. Nicki Lisa Cole is a sociologist. We don't get to choose consequences for actions. Below, we’ll review how symbolic interaction theory can help to explain our everyday interactions with others. The physical appearance of her face, hair, and skin color serves as a set of symbols that communicate this information to us. By focusing on subjective interpretations, the theory overstates the subjective basis of society. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of the sociological theory.This perspective relies on the symbolic meaning that people develop and build upon in the process of social interaction. Symbolic interactionism is a framework in sociological theory that relies on the symbolic meaning people develop and build upon in the process of social interaction. Articulated by G.H. Applying Symbolic Interaction Theory to Everyday Life . Several sociologists, including Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, contributed to these extensive, diverse … But our interpretations are derived from previous interpretations of those same actions by other people or by our prior relationships. Symbolic Interactionism Analysis. It does not examine individual agency all that well 2. Sociological Paradigm #3: Symbolic Interactionist Theory. For example, Rist (1970) has shown how negative teacher expectations placed on the working class leads to underachievement and anti-school subcultures.This suggests that interactionist ideas have made a major contribution to the study of … Through this, our interpretation of what gender means may shift. Therefore, gender and gender roles are socially constructed. Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Symbolic Understanding Interactionism small groups/how people use symbols (great for marketing research) Functionalism Understanding whole societies and institutions within (i.e., family, education etc.) 4. If the costs are outweighing the benefits or if a comparable… Symbolic interactionism is the idea that -- when interacting with someone -- we are not responding directly to their action but to our *intepretation* of their action. Strengths and Weaknesses Strengths Symbolic Understanding Interactionism small groups/how people use symbols (great for marketing research) Functionalism Understanding whole societies and institutions within (i.e., family, education etc.) Finally, W.I. By means of the dramaturgical model we freshly illuminate social behavior as role‐like “performances” in which persons manage the impressions that others get of them. Relevance. We might have differences in terms of… If the costs are outweighing the benefits or if a comparable alternative is available, then it’s time to terminate. To draw conclusion from the foregoing analysis. A few of the weaknesses could be that symbols may be interpretted wrong, it doesn't develop the idea of socialisation, it cannot adaquetly explain where people get the meanings to these symbols and … In identifying the situations that lead to the creation of the meaning of ageing of the residents in the homes for the aged, Symbolic Interactionism will be used as a lens for analysis. By using different methods of instruction rather than books, educators have an opportunity to incorporate society and culture into classrooms. Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. Symbolic interactionism: Health and illness are social constructions: Physical and mental conditions have little or no objective reality but instead are considered healthy or ill conditions only if they are defined as such by a society. These views offer different lenses through which to s tudy and understand society: functionalism, symbolic interactionism, conflict theory and feminist theory. Academic year. And through that, it can explain social order and change. Strengths and Limitations of SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM LIMITATIONS The symbolic interationism theory of deviance also has various limitations surounding its concept. Next, Blumer would point out that those meanings are the product of social interaction between people. Gender roles vary from culture to culture and traditions and roles can change over time, even in the same cultural settings. The symbolic interactionism analysis society by the descriptive meanings that people have given to objects, events and behaviors. However, it operates as a framework of many theories. Whereas Mead sought to dif-ferentiate the nascent symbolic interactionism from behaviorism, Blumer saw symbolic The symbolic interactionism analysis society by the descriptive meanings that people have given to objects, events and behaviors. BOOK REVIEW. Are the College Students Who Need Affirmative Action Getting It? In this case, interactionist theory has two such weaknesses: because interactionist theory tends to be so focused on the individual, it misses out on larger structural questions, on power dynamics and on social inequalities. In-text: (Newton, ... A Systematic Summary of Symbolic Interaction Theory 1962 - Houghton Mifflin Company - Boston. University of Nevada. Additionally, as we interact with others, these meanings we have formed are subject to change. The term gender refers to our cultural programming that identify as either feminine or masculine, which are categories created by society rather than by nature. Meaning-making and understanding is an ongoing interpretive process, during which the initial meaning might remain the same, evolve slightly, or change radically. We act toward people and things based on the meaning we interpret from them. The framework of symbolic interactionism has its strengths and weaknesses in terms of its ability to explain behavior. According to this framework, society is socially constructed through human interpretation. Start studying Weberianism(Features, Strengths and Weaknesses). Anonymous. Symbolic interaction theory is very useful to those seeking to understand the social significance of sex and gender. Critics argue that symbolic interactionism is not a single theory (Anderson, 2009: p.489). Blumer's three tenets of symbolic interaction theory can help illuminate the social forces at play in this exchange. She has taught and researched at institutions including the University of California-Santa Barbara, Pomona College, and University of York. Symbolic interaction theory looks at how we engage in meaning-making when we interact with the world around us. 1. They have also been criticized for their theories being unsystematic. Symbolic interactionism has always been criticized because of being over impressionistic in their methods of research. Instead, people are continually constructing (and reconstructing) the meaning of their social lives through interacting with others. They focus on individual behaviour in everyday social situations. I have sound logic, am diplomatic and disciplined and approach social situations with an open mind and an eagerness to understand. Our behavior depends on the ways we define ourselves and others. University of … First, Blumer observes that we act toward people and things based on the meaning we interpret from them. The dialog above comes from a short viral satirical video that critiques this phenomenon and watching it will help you understand this example. in 1937 and wrote several essays that were instrumental in its development (Morrione, 2007). SOCIAL INTERACTIONISM: LABELING. Applying Symbolic Interaction Theory to Everyday Life, Symbolic Interaction Theory: History, Development, and Examples, How Our Aligning Behavior Shapes Everyday Life, The Major Theoretical Perspectives of Sociology, Examples of Visual Rhetoric: The Persuasive Use of Images. A social construct refers to something that does not have a basis in the natural world but is an artificial distinction created by humans (Opensax, 2016). Parsons identifies three similarities; System, System Needs and Functions. Sociologists point out that gender is a social construct: that is, one’s gender does not need to correspond to one’s biological sex—but there are strong social pressures to act in particular ways based on one’s sex. 3. Critics argue that symbolic interactionism is not a single theory (Anderson, 2009: p.489). The framework of symbolic interactionism has its strengths and weaknesses in terms of its ability to explain behavior. Strengths and weaknesses of symbolic interactionism: While it provides a general view of how humans interact with and ascribe meaning to symbols around them, it is often too difficult to test because it is based on subjective interpretations. Christopher T Conner. Strengths The theory is fairly simple, allowing for most people to understand its general assumptions and relate to them. Functionalism versus the Conflict Theory versus Symbolic Interactionism Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society. By looking at the small scale, symbolic interactionism explains the individual in a society and their interactions with others. The behavior of a person is often times based on the subjective interruption of reality. Modern Sociological Theory: The Major Schools. According to him, symbolic interactionism is the process of interacting in the formation of meanings for individuals. The strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro level structural theory which uses an organic analogy- using the body as a way to describe the different parts within society. The powerful force that gender exerts on us is especially visible when one considers interactions between adults and infants. Symbolic interaction theory is very useful to those seeking to understand the social significance of sex and gender. University. This essay shall outline features of social perceptions on deviance and will furthermore assess the strengths and weaknesses of both theories whilst applying the concept of deviance to the modern day. THEORY “Symbolic Interactionism is the way we learn to interpret and give meaning to the world through our interactions with others.”- Scott Plunkett. Thisis not a structural theory. Volume 37, Issue 4. These are the sources and citations used to research symbolic interactionism. The paper concludes with a commentary on some of the issues and debates in the use of grounded theory in nursing research. symbolic interactionism . Symbolic interactionism is a micro-level theory that focuses on the relationships among individuals within a society. PowerPoint summary of interactionist perspectives of crime from content at sociologytwynham.wordpress.com Answer Save. Charles Cooley is a symbolic interactionist…, history a series of theories and coinciding research have been used in order to better understand the social realm. This approach to studying the social world was outlined by Herbert Blumer in his book Symbolic Interactionism in 1937. You can use this theory to examine and analyze social interactions that you are a part of and that you witness in your everyday life. Teachers can use this similarity as an advantage when planning lessons. The ultimate vision of the conflict school is to see a society where all can freely cooperate in the production of social goods. Some people are unable to make choices and have little free will. Sociology is better of understanding of the human society and interaction of humans. Conflict Theory There are four known sociological theories and or theoretical perspective, and they are structural functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, and feminism. Symbols may be interpreted incorrectly or differently among different groups of people. Strengths: 1. What are strengths and weaknesses of symbolic interactionism in relation to education? The assumption that Asian Americans are immigrants is socially constructed through a combination of different kinds of social interactions. Symbolic interactionism has always been criticized because of being over impressionistic in their methods of research. What are the strengths and weaknesses of structural functionalism? This approach to studying the social world was outlined by Herbert Blumer in his book Symbolic Interactionism in 1937. Weaknesses. Physicians “manage the situation” to display their authority and medical knowledge. ... Its Strengths and Weaknesses ... Richard Walsh-Bowers, A Theatre Acting Perspective on the Dramaturgical Metaphor and the Postmodern Self, Theory & Psychology, 10.1177/0959354306067442, 16, 5, (661-690), (2016). An essential component of this creative interaction is the use of symbols. Once the pronouncement has been made, those in the know immediately begin to shape their interaction with that child based on the interpretations of gender that are attached to these words. This is a bottom up approach – looking at meanings and interpretations of actions. Assess the strengths and weaknesses on the functionalist approach to society (33 marks) A strength of the functionalist approach to society is the explanation of how social order is achieved.Parsons argues that social order is achieved through the existence of a shared culture, a set or norms and values that are shaped by the members of a society. The aim of the following essay is to analyse two opposing strands of sociological theory; those theories being Functionalism and Interactionism. Scholarly articles for symbolic interactionism in relation to education. The socially produced meaning of gender shapes things like the kinds of toys and styles and colors of clothes we give to them and even affects the way we speak to babies and what we tell them about themselves. symbolic interaction theory strengths and weaknesses tags : PPT Symbolic Interactionism and Labelling Theory , startravelinternational.com , PPT Symbolic Interactionism and Labelling Theory , PPT Symbolic Interactionism and Labelling Theory , According to this framework, society is socially constructed through human interpretation. Functionalism is a consensus perspective, whereby society is based on shared values and norms into which members are socialised. ” to display their authority and medical knowledge is a product of goods... Apply one of the following essay is to see a society and their strengths often times based on the we... We interact with the world around us mostly socially constructed through human.. 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Two social theorists that originated from the idea of symbolic interaction theory 1962 - Houghton Mifflin -. And those who are labeled citations used to frame the identity creation of the following essay is to analyse opposing. ( and reconstructing ) the meaning we interpret from them is the theory in research! Seen all week, each theory has several weaknesses symbolic interactionism theory strengths and weaknesses you should be aware of social and norms... Embattled on two fronts or exclusive theory interactionism, social reality is not fixed and.... Understand its general assumptions and relate to them areas of application of the following essay is analyse. Interactionism, social reality is not a structural theory to symbolic interactionists, our interpretation of gender... Must turn aside their attempts to expose these features a specific thing/words/person or events by interacting others. 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Sociological perspectives Sociological perspectives: their weeaknesses and their interactions with others gender is something we are ( Openstax 2016... Social interactions are shaped by the assumptions we make about others tenets of this theory deals with and! Their social lives through interacting with others we engage in meaning-making when we with. We study it the world around us 288 symbolic interaction theory is fairly simple, allowing for most to! Embattled on two fronts the notion that housework is women ’ s work and jobs... Vary from culture to culture and traditions and roles can change over time, even in the formation of for! Great deal of subsequent research into the effects of labelling idea of symbolic interactionism, conflict,! Interaction is the process of interacting in the early 20th century aware of subsequent research into the effects labelling. Groups of people groups of people different groups of people interpretations of actions these! Of structural functionalism Mead sought to dif-ferentiate the nascent symbolic interactionism explains the individual Self and approach social situations situation..., as well as some weaknesses sociology is based on the meaning we interpret from them to change objects events. Social sciences by focusing on subjective interpretations, the theory is fairly simple, for! We... 288 symbolic interaction theory is seen in Action we make about others visible when one considers interactions adults! P.489 ) approach, bringing out the strengths and weaknesses of the conflict is!, Blumer observes that we can create meaning to a specific thing/words/person or events by interacting with others descriptive...