An ancient imperial capital and the eastern starting point of the Silk Road, Xi’an was the first city in China to be introduced to Islam. Built in the Tang Dynasty (reign of Emperor Xuan Zong, 685-762), it still used by Chinese Muslims today as a place of worship. As of this writing no other visitor information was available. In a rather large scale covering an area of 6,000 square meters with a construction area of 2,700 square meters, Xi'an Daxuexi Lane Mosque is the second largest mosque in Xi'an after the Xi'an Great Mosque. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. Learn more about the Great Mosque in this article. Today there are over 39,000 mosques in China, 25,000 of these are in Xinjiang, a north-west autonomous region, having a high density of one mosque per 500 muslims. Xi'an Great Mosque was first built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (reign of Emperor Xuanzong, 685-762). Tradition says the Great Mosque was founded by the naval admiral Cheng Ho, son of a prestigious Muslim family who became famous for expelling pirates from the China Sea. The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. Their descendants are Muslim today. Web: http://en1.xian-tourism.com (official tourism website of Xi’an). The Great Mosque of Xi’an is a relic and symbol of that period, and for over thirteen centuries has been recognized as the most important mosque in China. The mosque, 13,000 sq meters in size, rectangle in shape, boasts four exquisite courtyards and the holy Prayer Hall. However, judging from its architectural style, it was probably built in the Ming Dynasty. Many mosques including the Xi'an Great Mosque are built to honor them. Brief Introduction to the Great Mosque. These schools provide the educational base on which the economy is being built. The Great Mosque is the most sizable of its kind in the city of Xi'an, and also one of the oldest and best-preserved mosques in China. The Great Mosque began construction in 742 CE, during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The Great Mosque in Xian is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China and its location is northwest of the Drum Tower (Gu Lou) on Huajue Lane. Islam in China began to wane in the 17th century, when many of the Qing rulers attempted to suppress foreign political and religious influences. Hours later, we made a quick stop in our hotel before taking a taxi to the Terra Cotta Warriors. Great Mosque Xi’an is the largest and best-preserved mosque in Xi’an, local people call it as East Great Mosque. According to historical records engraved on a stone tablet inside, this mosque was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Xian Xiaopiyuan Mosque 西安小皮园清真寺. Absorb the Islamic Architecture built in Chinese style; Originally built in Tang dynasty (618-907), Xi'an Great Mosque had been successively renovated and expanded into the largest complexes of Islamic architectures. Masjid Agung Xian (2): Perpaduan Budaya China dan Islam – Gana Islamika, https://thetempletrail.com/xian-great-mosque/. Terms & Conditions. The Great Mosque of Xi'an is a tranquil and historic mosque that has served Xi'an's Muslim community for more than a millennium. The Xiaopiyuan Mosque was first built in the late of Tang Dynasty(618-907). That honor goes to the Masjid Huaisheng in Guangzhao (Canton), which may have been founded by the Prophet’s uncle. In the ensuing centuries, Islam spread throughout China, mostly to the larger trade cities where Muslim traders commonly visited with their caravans. The Great Mosque of Xi’an is the most sizable of its kind in the city of Xi'an, and also one of the oldest, biggest and best-preserved mosques in China. From the time of the mosque’s completion Xi’an was regarded by Chinese Muslims as the defacto capital of the Islamic religion in China. Absorb the Islamic Architecture built in Chinese style; Originally built in Tang dynasty (618-907), Xi'an Great Mosque had been successively renovated and expanded into the largest complexes of Islamic architectures. Your email address will not be published. The largest Muslim community in China arose in Xi’an, which was both one of China’s largest cities as well as the eastern terminus of the Silk Road. The Great Mosque is the most sizable of its kind in the city of Xi'an, and also one of the oldest and best-preserved mosques in China. Till now, this awesome Islamic building group becomes a renowned tourist attraction at home and abroad, and used by Chinese Muslims (Hui people) as a place of worship. Xi'an has a thriving tourist business, hosts archaeologists from every corner of the globe, and it also is building a diversified economy. At the Start of the Silk Road Lies Xi’an’s Great Mosque By John Gee. The Stone Tablet on the Building of the Mosque preserved here say that it was built in 742 in the Tang Dynasty. Built primarily in the Ming Dynasty when Chinese architectural elements were synthesized into mosque architecture, the mosque resembles a fifteenth century Buddhist temple with … A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the religion of Islam. The mosque’s construction was a result of Islam being introduced to Northwestern China via Arab merchants from the Middle East and Central Asia- travelers along the Silk Road. A mosque was first built on this site on Hua Jue Lane as early as the 700s AD, but the current complex was laid out during the Ming Dynasty in the late 14th century. Your email address will not be published. Xi'an Great Mosque is a combination of traditional Chinese architecture and Islamic art, constructed to honor the founders of Islam in China. The first mosque in China was the Great Mosque of Xi'an, built during the Tang Dynasty in the 8th century CE. Xi'an Great Mosque - the Largest Mosque in China . Built during the Tang Dynasty in 742 AD, Xi’an’s Great Mosque is the oldest in China. It is the second largest mosque in Xian, next to the Great Mosque in Huajue Lane. Constructed in the Chinese style to blend in with existing places of worship, the Great Mosque is almost devoid of the traditional features of a Middle Eastern place of worship. Some of the oldest cities in China once stood in Shaanxi Province. Although first built in 742, the architecture visible today in Chang'an's Great Mosque (the Qingzhen Dasi) dates from the late Ming period, for example, its entrance gate was erected in 1600-1629. Arguably built in 742, the 1st year of the Tianbao Period of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it reached today's scale by expansions made during the following Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties (960-1911). However, judging from its architectural style, it was probably built in the Ming Dynasty. Learn how your comment data is processed. The mosque was built here in the foreign quarter called the Jiao Fang neighbourhood outside of the city walls. After a brief renaissance during the Republic period, Chinese Muslims became heavily persecuted by the Communists. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. Sometime during the Tang dynasty period in the late 7th or early 8th century, the prosperous merchants and leaders of the burgeoning Islamic community of Xi’an constructed the Great Mosque of Xi’an. The Stone Tablet on the Building of the Mosque says that it was built in the Tang Dynasty. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window). Although first built in 742, the architecture visible today in Chang'an's Great Mosque (the Qingzhen Dasi) dates from the late Ming period, for example, its entrance gate was erected in 1600-1629. The Great Mosque is the most sizable of its kind in the city of Xi'an, and also one of the oldest and best-preserved mosques in China. Accurate or not, it is true that the oldest Chinese Islam… According to fairly reliable tradition, Islam arrived in China as early as 650 AD during the reign of Uthman, the third Rashidun Caliph. The Great Mosque of Xi’an is located next to the city’s famous Drum Tower close to the very center of Xi’an, approximately 580 miles southwest of Beijing. It is also known as the Great East Mosque because of its large scale and location east of another mosque on the Dajue Alley of the City. The Great Mosque is the largest and best-preserved pre-modern architectural complex in Xi'an, and the world's only mosque in the form of a traditional Chinese garden. The mosque, 13,000 sq meters in size, rectangle in shape, boasts four exquisite courtyards and the holy Prayer Hall. Or maybe it’s better to call it a mosque complex. Wittenberg, Germany The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. Xi'an Great Mosque (Chinese: 西安大清真寺) Brief Introduction The Great Mosque, located at 30 Huajue Lane in the center of the city, is the largest mosque in China and one of the hottest attractions for today. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Great Mosque Xi’an is one of China's four great mosque, and it is the earliest mosque in Xi’an that was built in Tianbao period of Tang dynasty (AD 742). We stayed at Northwest University. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. The Stone Tablet on the Building of the Mosque says that it was built in the Tang Dynasty. The first Muslim envoys reached China almost as early as the first Muslim armies reached North Africa, and began peacefully establishing communities there almost immediately. An extraordinary achievement of medieval architecture, the Great Mosque of Cordoba, Spain was expanded three times after the original structure was completed in 787 CE. We would love to hear from you. Almost every French monarch is buried here, and almost nobody goes here. The Great Mosque began construction in 742 CE, during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Construction and Additions. Located less than 1 km northwest to the Drum Tower, the Great Mosque is the most famous among the 14 mosques of Xi'an as well as one of the oldest and largest ones of China. The Great Mosque was added to the UNESCO Islamic Heritage List in 1985. It is one of the first masques in Xi'an. Built primarily in the Ming Dynasty when Chinese architectural elements were synthesized into mosque architecture, the mosque resembles a fifteenth century Buddhist temple with … The Great Mosque of Xian is the largest and best preserved of the early mosques of China. The Great Mosque in Xian is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China and its location is northwest of the Drum Tower (Gu Lou) on Huajue Lane. In the 20th century it … It is the second largest mosque in Xian, next to the Great Mosque in Huajue Lane. At the Start of the Silk Road Lies Xi’an’s Great Mosque By John Gee. It is also called the West Mosque. However, judging from its architectural style, it was probably built in the Ming Dynasty. It was a time of great acceptance towards Islam in China and the predecessor of the Yongle Emperor, the Hongwu Emperor ( 洪武帝 Hóngwǔ Dì) had ten Muslim generals in his military in … Click here for […]. Here, deep in the country’s interior, was where Qin Shih Huang, who first united China in 221 BCE, built his capital, and where the Han and Sui Dynasties built theirs. Great Mosque of Damascus, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 CE by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid I. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. History: When was the Great Mosque of Xi’an built? The Stone Tablet on the Building of the Mosque says that it was built in the Tang Dynasty. Muslims have lived in Xi’an since at least as far back as the 600s. Covering an area of 12,000 square meters, this mosque is completely Chinese in its architecture and design. The space, as it stands today, was constructed in 1392 during the Ming Dynasty, by navy admiral Zheng He, famous for ridding the China Sea of pirates and who is said to have deep roots in Islam. The largest and best preserved of the ancient mosques of China, its buildings are a fascinating fusion of Chinese and Arabian styles.